Thursday, December 20, 2007

Bob VI

Well time to bob except this time I almost lost the mark. Thanks, to Ms. K for letting me use her computer to bob. Well this unit was very quick, a little bit too quick if you ask me. Well the part of the unit that had me a bit in a stir was assigned area questions, as i had become very confused over them and am still not sure if i am able to do them all. Most of the other units in these applications of the integrals unit were not very difficult. Well all in all it is time for me to get back to physics. Good luck everyone, hope everyone had studied hard.

Last Minute BOB!!!

Oh my goodness! I was 20 minutes away from losing a mark on the test. Very sorry Mr. K., but I was focused on my World Issues project that was due today, so I forgot.

Anyway, this unit was a pretty good one, simply because it is a combination of a couple units we have learned previously. These last two weeks were pretty stressful for me, so I was not fully awake for some of the classes for this unit. There were points that I was quite unclear of, but thanks to Mr. K. and the rest of classmates, as well as the practice problems, I am pretty confident with the material.

If this is anything like the pre-test (I hope it is), this test should very fairly easy. However, Mr. K. always seems to throw in a question that throws me off, or maybe I just make simple mistakes.

In any event, I'm looking forward to seeing how I do on this test, AS WELL AS THE RESULTS OF THE LAST ONE =D...

Good luck, Keep pushing, see ya

Wednesday, December 19, 2007


This unit was definitely very short! I understood a majority of the unit and some parts were difficult but that usually happens in every unit. This is our last bob and test before the winter break and I hope it goes better than the other tests we've done. Always do your homework and it will help you a lot! .. Good luck everyone.

Van's BOB (on time for once!)

I like this unit. Other than having difficulty understanding the notation, I'm getting the hang of it all. The workshop and pretest have really helped. So, a little bit of studying should be my cure. Good night everyone, and see you all tomorrow. Best of luck and great wishes.


I personally think that this sixth unit was very short but compact with tons of information. I think that i will have very little trouble with this test (hopefully) . There was really nothing too difficult in this unit other than the fact that i might mess up on using the proper notations, so i need to work on that tonight after i study for chemistry. Thats it for my last BOB for this year. Good night and study well.

BOB ^ 6

MrSiwWy here for my sixth and final bob before the winter break, though I almost forgot to bob for this test tonight, here it is. Now, given the difficulty of the yesterday's workshop as well as today's pre-test, I don't think that this test is going to be incredibly difficult. As long as you've stayed current with your homework, as I have really tried recently, the test shouldn't bring anything that we're entirely unfamiliar with or anything overly challenging. There weren't too many problems that I found a lot of trouble with while I was completing the exercises, so I'm not too worried about this calculus test, though I am worried about my self Physics C test later tonight (ahh scary). I can't wait until the winter break, though I'm sure I'll be busy all break with homework and definitely busy with Mechanics and Computer Science throughout, so thankfully I won't need to worry about calculus any time soon (at least I hope not). Don't forget to study everyone, and I wish good luck to everyone and wish everyone to perform to the best of their ability on tomorrow's test. Have a great night all!


Hey everyone! Well once again another unit has gone by and it's that time again to bob and also study hard to do well on the test. This unit for me was nice and short and wasn't the hardest of the bunch. I grasp the concepts and I hope to do well on the test. Good luck to you all and have a fun time studying tonight. Bye!

Today's Slides: December 19

Here they are ...

Tuesday, December 18, 2007


time for another bob...this unit was very short but it had a lot of things to remember...the first few days we started this unit I was okay with it but then the last few days have gotten much more difficult..The Second Fundamental Theorem of Calculus kind of confuses me...There are a few things about each concept that are hard but it is mostly that...I think that is what will get to me the most and probably the accumulation functions next but I will try my best to get a better grasp of everything...hopefully we all do well on the pretest and on the test..


Almost forgot to reflect.. again! THANK YOU GREYM I LOVE YOU MAN for reminding me to bob =). Okay well this unit, applications of integrals, was very short and shouldn't be a real problem to me. I understand everything well. I think the only problem that I have is seeing the big picture of this concept. Including how to write all the steps properly, if you know what I mean. Like all the steps in solving for a derivative are distinguishable and I'm scared I might make an improper mathematical expression of some sort. Ah well, I'll just piece it together tonight. Everything else seems fine. Good Luck to everyone else on the pre-test tomorrow and test of Thursday! I CAN'T WAIT UNTIL WINTER HOLIDAYS! YAY!

The Integral Bob

Hello everyone!
Feeling mighty good about this upcoming test! I do so enjoy math when I get the concepts. That workshop we had today really re-affirmed this. Hope the tests will be as easy as that. Well I'm off to do some chemistry (on that note, Mr.K that whole thing on half-lives last year applies really well to first order reactions in chem).


Hello! I'm Tim-Math-Y and I will be your scribe for today's lessons. Today we had a workshop to prepare us for the pre-test tomorrow and test on Thursday. It was centralized around Integrals.

Slide 2:

1.a) - we filled in the chart by calculating the integrals (signed areas) under the graph, start from in this case, -2 because the integral is from -2 to x.

1.b) - we sketched the graph simply by plotting the points we gathered from our table in question a.

1.c) - we analyzed the graph for local extrema
- the only critical number is x=2 because at that value of x, a local minimum is present
- end points are not critical numbers because there is no way of distinguishing if it is a local maximum or minimum without checking the slope on both sides of the point

1.d) -we simply found where the graph was increasing by looking for a positive slope

Slide 3:

a, b.) - to obtain these solutions, we can simply replace the variable t with x, included in the domain of the integral, due to the fundamental theorem of calculus

brief description of process:
- F(X) = f(b) - f(a)
- from this we get: (-cos(x^3)) - (-cos(pi))
- now we want to find the derivative of this integral (stated in the quesiton)
- we get: sin(x^3)
- the derivative of a constant is 0

-the solution to this question was similar, however, since the integral is from x to 1, we can make the integral NEGATIVE to make the integral from 1 to x instead

Slide 4:

d.) - the solution is similar to that of question c on slide 2

e, f.) - these questions include a slight different solution
- since they are an accumulation of functions, to find the derivative, we must apply the chain rule: (f'(g(x)) (g'(x))

Slide 5:

- to find the amount of gallons using the rate (derivative), we integrate it from 0 to 4 hours
- yes, it's that simple =)

Slide 6:

- the only trick to this question is the +3 included in the integral
- we solve this part by find the integral of 3, from 4 to 7

Slide 7:

- points of intersections are found by making the two functions equal each other
- then, but inputting values between the pair of intersections (-2, 0) & (0, 3) we find which graph is on top of the other, in each case (in this case, twice)

Slide 8:

- we applied: (integral from (-2) - 0) ((top function) - (bottom function)) + (integral from 0 - 3) ((top function) - (bottom function))
- solve algebraically, applying rules of finding the derivative of an integral
- grunttt workkk


Okay I hope you guys found this slightly helpful. It wasn't as specific as it should be but yeahh. Tomorrow's scribe is.. Etimz since he was the only one who hasn't done his fifth scribe yet.. or something like that.

Good luck on the pre-test tomorrow! bye =)

Have a great break!

Today's Slides: December 18

Here they are ... and there's some extra practice problems for you as well ...

extremely late scribe for Friday

Sorry about this extremely late scribe but I've been busy these last few days. What lies beneath the accumulation function? that is the question and the answer is not presents!

We were given F(t)=t as a function and have to find A(x) if A(x)= the derivative of F(t) on the interval 0 to x. We had to find the area under the F(t) and it turned out that A(x) was the parent function of F(t).

The second fundamental theorem of calculus states: if f is a continuous function on the interval [a,b] and an accumulation function is defined as the derivative of F(t) on the interval [a,x] then A'(x)= F(t).

He then gave us the question A(x) = derivative of sin(t) on the interval [1,x^2] and we have to find A'(x).
The answer is sin(x^2)*(2x)
You have to find the derivative of t on the intervals [1,x^2] then plug it in and then find the derivative of x.

Reason why, because Accumulation functions are Composite Functions.

Il try to get around to upgradeing my scribe with pics if anyone reminds me :)
Thats all

Monday, December 17, 2007

Scribe #5

Well back again for another scribe, sorry that this scribe is late I had other homework. Well we began class with the derivative problem from Friday which we were not able to finish. A good thing to remember when doing a square root derivative problem is that it is always nice to break it into pieces. So for the first question which is asking for the derivative between x and x^2 it is easier to find the value of 0-x and then the value of x-x^2. Due to the fact that it is easier to find a derivative of 0-x. So 0-x first must be reverted to x-0 so that we are able to find the derivative which means that that part of the equation is going to be negative. As you can see on the slides Mr. K had posted, it is much easier to differentiate with 0-x then x-x^2. So you solve by placing x in for t and then find the derivative of x^2 which is simply 2x.

For the next question we are trying to find the area underneath the graph to the x-axis. It is not as hard as it seems. To begin take the equation that is given and find its roots. (To find the roots it is much easier to use synthetic division which is shown on the slide). Once the roots are found the next step can then be followed. As the next step is shown in two different ways, here is the first way explained. When finding area it is not signed area instead is is all the are including both positive and negative. Which means that when evaluating the equations to solve for area you must break up the positive and negative areas in two equations. Then take the positive equation and subtract it by the negative equation so that the negative equation changes sign to positive and the areas may be added. The second method is by evaluating the who equation over the whole interval and then taking the absolute value to receive both the positive and negative area.

For two graphs you follow the exact same procedure, except you are also subtracting the lower graph from the upper graph when finding the area in an set interval, before subtracting the total negative area from the total positive area.

That was basically the whole class. Tonight's homework was 6.4 (all the odd #) and remember to bob before Thursdays test, so that also means pre-test Wednesday.

Tomorrow's Scribe is TIM!

Today's Slides: December 17

Here they are ...

Friday, December 14, 2007

Today's Slides: December 14

Here they are ...

The Thursday Scribe

So, here's my scribe, in slide form! woo!

Thanks to Mr. K for the help during his empty 3rd period.

(coming soon! Calculator functions operation for slide #10)

And, we will be expected a test for this unit, somewhere next week on Wednesday. So, be prepared for that. Next scribe already knows who they are. But, just for the record, and so that everyone knows, it's Etimz.

Thursday, December 13, 2007

Tuesday, December 11, 2007

The... almost late BoB

For this unit, the optimization problems are fun. Only problem I have, is with the Mean Value Theorem, and equations involving parameters (usually k). Other than that, I hope I do better on this test.


i think i put down the right unit, if i messed up let me know. this is my bob, im slowing getting back into math, thanks to my schedule at home to do homework its going a bit faster. i Believe i get everything in this unit pretty much, i want to be able to know more about the mean theorm value or what ever its called. sry about last miniut teach, but i was busy. anyways i hope everyone does good and thanks again to GreyM for helping me study and putting up with all my questions :P peace


Well i was out late last night and this is the only time I found time to BOB. This unit for me was especially tough when we reached the optimization problems. I can't say that this has been my favourite unit because it isn't. Well good luck to everyone on the test and i'll see you guys in class.


Sorry for the late bob, boot sector viruses suck. Well I'm feeling pretty good for this unit, even the pretest felt pretty good. Just waiting for that related rates problem today! Figure I can get an 80 atleast.

Monday, December 10, 2007


ARGH!!!! I still have to BOB!!!

Well here we go...

This unit was one that I liked because it really did not introduce many new topics at all. Even the derivative tests are just number lines (grades 11 and 12). So yes, that is why I didn't mind this unit.

My favorite part of it was the optimization problems... I particularly enjoy these because
I have always loved word problems, and I find they are very easy. I hope there are a couple on the test.

I believe
the toughest part for me is remembering to include the first/second derivative tests in my solutions for finding maximums and minimums. (Stupid mistakes, I hate them!)
I think that's about it... Good luck to all, and NOW I can finally get some sleep =)


Pre-Test Scribe

Well well well, scribing again, it seems like it was only two weeks ago that I was scribing last... Oh wait, it was two weeks ago. =)

But today's class was a pre-test (YAY!)... this is awesome because it is going to be short and sweet and that is awesome because I had work tonight... GO FIGURE!

Anyway, yes we had a Pre-test, but before that Mr. K. briefly talked to us about what to expect for the rest of the year. Basically, coming up to the Winter Break and after that, there won't be too much pressure from Mr. K. because of other exams. However, once we get into April, the pressure is on!!! He will expect us to be doing practice questions from the AP exams in the Links section of the blog. As well, we have to have our question outlines for DEV in by next Monday.

With that we started our pre-test, it was not too tough (besides a couple mistakes), but not too easy either, like most of Mr. K.'s Pre-tests. Questions and answers/solutions may be seen here. Once again sorry this is so effortless, but work was tough and I need my sleep...

I think that the upcoming test will be quite difficult so make sure to study. BTW


That's about all for tonight... I guess I'll be scribing again soon (but hopefully not until after the break)

Next scribe is... ummm...


G'Night all!
Well back again for another Bob posting. well this unit was not extremely difficult except for one part of the unit. That part was the optimization problems. As there are so many ways optimization problems could be done although only one way of solving them is correct. I find that I am getting better at these questions when doing the homework and exercises, although I find these problems will give me the most grief if they are on the test. Other then these optimization problems I found the first derivative and second derivative rules to be understandable and also the mean value theorem to be very straight forward. Well I should get back to the studying. Good luck to everyone tomorrow and make sure to study.


Okay wow! Time for another bob! I really find this unit tough the optimization problems are like =| I find it hard because most of the time I do not know what the question is asking and I am not able to draw my diagram! Anti-derivatives are quite tough as well, those I do not like! Hmm the mean value theorem I think I get the gist of that =) hopefully! I also hope I understand the first and second derivative tests; they're all right. I honestly think I am going to fail this test...I know I say that a lot but I'm serious this I'm hoping that all this studying will pay off because otherwise I'm going to fail!...Good luck everyone! =)

Blogging On Blogging = BOB = 2152 - 2146 = 6!

WOW! BOB! I almost forgot again! =) =) good thing i didn't! I'm surprised that I forget to check the blog only during days previous of the test. Probably because i'm usually stuck worried and am studying sooooooo hard =)???? Anyways Applications of Derivatives! WHOO, was it ever difficult! Well.. atleast most of the stuff. I find that I understand the lot of it, but when it comes to solving it myself, i'm stuck! Gosh.. that mostly happens with optimization problems though. I'm truthfully going to admit that.. this test.. seems.. overwhelming.. and that im not going to ace this test. BUT! im not going to give in and still, try my best.. as always!

Strengths: Asymptotes, First + Second Derivative Tests
In Betweens: Anti-derivatives, Mean Value Theorem
Weakness: Optimization Problems

Well.. goodluck everyone.. let's hope we get out of this alive and in one piece! Bye


Wow, this unit happened really fast. I personally think that this unit was a tough one. There are just too much stuff in this short unit. I really had a difficult time understanding the concept related into solving optimization problems, because it ties into all of our previous math courses. Hopefully, with the help of continued practice and A LOT of studying through various calculus sites, I will somehow pass this test. Thats it for my 5th BOB, good night everyone!

BOB ^ 5

Well, the test is finally here, and I think that this unit packs quite a punch. Now, the pre-test was a breeze to me so I don't think I should have an unbelievably hard time on the test tomorrow, but then again there weren't really and antidifferentiation and optimization questions on the pre-test today. I'm certainly quite alright with solving antidifferentiation problems seeing as I had to do quite a few of them for the very first unit in the physics C (mechanics) course; kinematics. Now as for optimization, I actually had quite a bit of trouble with these types of questions at first. I'm not saying entirely that they were hard for me to understand, it was just bringing about connections and equations that could be used for manipulation in the optimization problem itself which brought about trouble to me. After much practice, I think I have it pretty much down now, which once again epitomizes the significance of reptition and essential practice in mathematics. Basically, I'm off to practice more questions now from the textbook so that I can achieve a sufficient grade on tomorrow's test. But before I go, I've had something I've wanted to say since we received our tests way back around the time we received our report cards. I think that the tests that we receive are way too short; basically I think that the tests barely contain any total marks. The tests have such a minimal total of marks that each mark that we may lose may cost us upwards of 3%, such as 18/20 (a measly two marks off) costing 10% off the total. well anyways, this probably isn't going to have any effect on the way the tests are constructed so I'll probably just end this post now. Good luck to everyone on the test tomorrow!!! don't forget to study everyone.

Today's Slides: December 10

Here they are ...

Sunday, December 9, 2007


Hello everyone!

Please view the scribe in full view mode at slideshare, kinda hard to read here.

The next scribe will be...


Thursday, December 6, 2007


Hello everyone. Sorry for the late scribe. Once again, I have work on the day that I am scribe. Anyway, we started off today with some pretty easy questions.

We had to find the derivative and as we all did the "super hard" questions... we realized that the derivative to all 3 functions was x2.
After that we tried another question.

We came up with 1/2(x2) and soon realized that we can add any constant to the parent function and the derivative will still turn out to be x.

antiderivative: finding the parent function from the derivative.

Next we came up with a general rule on how to do this for all power functions. And this is what we came up with.

This is a list of all the derivatives we could remember!.

^^ At the bottom that explains how you can find the derivative of a log.

For the rest of the class we did some practice and looking at examples of visual calculus. So that sums up todays class! ..

The next scribe is.... Graeme!

Today's Slides: December 6

Here they are ...

Wednesday, December 5, 2007

Today's Slides: December 5

Here they are ...

The billigerent value theorem

Hello everybody, it's MrSiwWy (following a theme?) here for today's hectic scribe post (oh boy was this class quite a doozey of a class) since we not only were introduced to a new unit, the mean value theorem, but were also challenged by a timed group assignment at the beginning of class. I can imagine that what I have just concluded to be the entire class would be what you would expect as an entire scribe post on the physics blog... but then again this is the calculus class... and it's me as the scribe! Maybe I can use calculus to try and minimize the amount of time my scribe posts take while maintaining a constant effort value, or would that be too much? (= Either way, here comes a hopefully grand ol' scribe introducing the mean value theorem. But first, I must cover the assignment given to us today in class.

The beginning of class:

As students came marching in subsequent to the fifth period bell, everything appeared to have been seemingly normal relative to our last attendance to class (way back on monday). Then again, with Mr. K, there's a lot to expect when you come to class each day, and by this fact, nothing really came as a surprise. The class quickly segregated into our respective groups from monday, and continued with on our assignment with a different question this time. Though I can't exactly post the question up in this scribe momentarily, since I require the slides from today's class to do so, but I will approximate what the question actually stated from memory. But before I do so, I would first like to outline the steps that Mr. K conveyed to us last week concerning the method in which we should approach these questions (though I believe these might have been covered already) as well as the corresponding steps found in the textbook. Think of these subsequent steps as a review for the guidelines to solving optimization problems (which Dino's post can used also be used for).

The way Mr. K first outlined (though it is flawed, as he has stated)

"Step 1: Find what you are trying to maximize or minimize. This will be stated excplicitly (in the question).

Step 2: Write an equation for it. Use V = for volume and M = for material, A for area, etc. I must insist on using descriptive variables, because in optimization, if you are sloppy, you lose track of what's going on.

Step 3: Try to get the equation into a two variable form, so you can take the derivative.
- Step 3a: To do step 1, you will often have to create a second equation from additional information given in the problem. This may require ingenuity, but it should become natural.
- Step 3b: ISolate one of the two variables in the equation drawn in step 3a.
- Step 3c: In the original equation that you are trying to minimize or maximize, replace the variable you isolated in step 3b.

Step 4: Take the derivative of your two-variable equation.

Step 5: Set the derivative to 0, and solve for the value of the remaining variable.

Step 6: Plus the value of that variable into the first two equations to find all dimensions, including the final goal, such as the amount of material, cost, or volume."

The Textbook Method

"1. Read and understand the problem. Identify the given quantities and those you must find.

2. Sketch a diagram and label it appropriately, introducing variables for unknown quantities.

3. Decide which quantity is to be optimized and express this quantity as a function f of one or more other variables

4. Using available information, express f as a function of just one variable.

5. Determine the domain of f and draw its graph.

6. Find the global extrema of f, condisdering any critical points and endpoints.

7. Convert the result obtained in Step 6 back into the context of the original problem. Be sure you have answered the question asked.
Now with that information listed, it's time to move onto the question:

Row the Kangaroo (I can't remember the names from this question) can't decide on what kind of pet that he would like to get. He finally decides what kind of pet he wants - bow the boa constrictor - but all he has to do is now get it a tank. He plans to build an enclosed rectangular cage for Bow such that it has a volume of 4000 cubic feet and that it has a length that is five times the cage's height. The material that he will be using for building the cage costs $0.25 per square foot.

1) What dimensions for the rectangular box would allow for the lowest cost?

2) What is the minimum cost to build the cage?

The method to solving this problem:

1) Basically what we have here requires that we illustrate the scenario (as with any optimization problems) so that it becomes easier to not only identify variables but to more importantly visualize and determine any relationships between these variables. The rectangular tank diagram for this scenario can be visualized as following.
But looking at this diagram and analyzing the information given within the question, we may transform the length of the cage into terms of height, since the question explicitly states that "it has a length that is five times the cage's height." This means the following diagram woud be more appropriate for any following calculations to be performed on the rectangular cage.
Given this diagram, we can now attempt to identify equations for use in optimization. It must be noted that each side of the cage is to be constructed with a specific material, with a given cost, and that the cage must also have a particular volume. This means that we must find an equation for the volume of the cage, the area of material used and the cost of the overall cage once it is complete. Now, it might be obvious that assembling a function for the volume of a rectangular box is not quite that difficult, but trying to find a function representing the cost of building this cage can be. Since finding the surface area of the rectangular cage is simply summing the area of all sides of the cages, which is basically synonomous with the amount of material used to build the cage, that means that the surface area of the cage is proportional to the amount of cost for the material. This is true since the amount of material used is in fact the amount of area of the rectangular cage. Using this information, we can follow up by minimizing the surface area function with a bit of manipulation (we only have to minimize the surface area function since when this function is minimize, the cost function is also minimized, as they are proportional across a factor of 4). The algebra for everything I have just stated is as follows.
All that is left for this portion of the question is to use this height value to determine the other two dimensions, length and width.
Don't forget to conclude this question and finalize your answer using a complete sentence:

"The dimensions that would yield the least cost for the cage are cuberoot(480) by 5cuberoot(480) by 800/(cuberoot(480))2."

2) Now we must continue on to portion two. This isn't actually too difficult, though I'm sure that the entire class somehow enctounering error on this question is essentially very amusing, I'm sure we were all disappointed that all of us lost what is quite an easy mark or two.
Basically all that is required of this question is that the calculated height value must be inputted into the surface area function and then divided by four (seeing as the the ratio between surface area and cost is 4 as I mentioned earlier). It's actually quite easy to do given the fact that we were not restricted from using our calculators. Here is the work for this question.

The "Mean Value Theorem"

Once we were all finished the questions within our groups even though we didn't finish within the specified 15 minute deadline to complete the question. And once the papers were in, and before we went over the method to solve the problem, Mr. K noted that each group had a different answer for the second portion of the question. Then, after we carried out the process of successfully determining the answer, Mr. K went a little into a breakdown of what our problems were. He basically said that our main problem is not performing the calculus, but it is setting up the equations and basically identifying the situation in the context of the question. Alos, he stated that polynomials are often the easiest to manipulate and differentiate (which is very much true) and then we went into a short conversation on actuarial science.

Basically, when you aspire to become an actuary, many companies will be looking to help you through your schooling and with your payments for the exams (the 10 exams you must write over a course of 3 years) assuming that you will pass and perhaps even work for them in the future. Actuarial science is a very difficult field of work, but if you become not only a member of the Actuary's society but a fellow of the Actuary's society, it wouldn't be doubtful that you might possibly receive 6-figure salaries in the future. But once all of that was done, we moved onto today's lesson.

Say that you have a function that is continuous over the interval a to b as shown below. Also depicted below is a secant line drawn from one endpoint (a) to the other endpoint (b) and two points c1 and c2 with their corresponding tangent lines. This secant line obviously represents the overall average, or the mean, over the interval (a,b) for the function f. This secant line can also represent average velocity / mean velocity. This diagram might look confusing at first (since I added eveything required for this lesson into one picture) but I'll go over how each piece is acquired. The green secant line is actually parallel to the two red tangent lines corresponding to the points c1 and c2. This is a direct graphical conveyence of the mean value theorem, which states that for some function that is continuous and differentiable over the interval (a,b), there exists some point c (or multiple points c) within the interval that has the exact same derivative as the average over the entire interval. Basically, as shown in the diagram, a secant line across the entire function must have at least one point within the function's interval (a,b) that has the a line parallel to this secant line (meaning they have equal slopes and therefore equal derivatives). To reiterate this explanation, I'll use the function to represent a displacement time graph.
As I stated earlier, the average velocity can be represented by the secant line shown above. Over the course of the function's progression, it is obvious that at some points the velocity is negative and at other points the velocity is positive. It also must be noted that the velocity is ever-changing across the function over (a,b). Now, since the function apparently must speed up above average at some point (or rather some interval), and must also be traveling slower than the average at another point (or rather another interval), there must exist at least one point where the speed is exactly the same as the overall average. This is the mean value theorem.

Now, a corollary of the mean value theorem is known as "Rolle's theorem." Rolle's theorem is as follows:

If a funtion f(x) is differentiable over the interval (a,b) and f(a) = f(b), there must exist at least one point where f'(x) will be 0, or rather a horizontal tangent line will be found.

This corollary wasn't really covered in class, and so we finished the class with Mr. K attempting to show an example to us as to how to calculate a point c using the mean value theorem (given the above information) right as the bell was ringing.

Here is the question:

Find the number that satisifies the mean value theorem.

f(x) = x2 - 5x +7 , -1 is less than or equal to x is less than or equal to 3.

It's actually not that complicated to solve this problem using the mean value theorem. Basically, since you know there must be a point c with a tangent line maintaining a slope equivalent to that of the secant line representing the arithmetic mean of the entire function, we simply set these equal to each other. Also, the derivative of the function must be determined so that point c can be calculated within this equality. The work is as follows:Now we can tell that there exists a point c with an x-coordinate of 1. Thus, QEF, the problem is solved (though I think it would be best if the the actual point was given as a point (x,y) for the final answer) thereby concluded this post.

Thanks for checking into my scribe post, I hope that I helped anyone that wasn't in class with understanding the problem and the lesson for today's class. I equally hope that those who required excess explanation or a fresh review outlining what was actually learned across both the question and the lesson for today was aided through the elaboration within my post. If anyone has any questions, comments, complaints, inquiries, suggestions or alterations (jeez I'm turning into Mr. K =p) please feel free to tell / ask me. I bid everyone a great night and will see everyone tomorrow in class! Too bad the darn spell check isn't working for my post, and wow talk about all of the errors and tribulations I encountered throughout the formulation of this scribe post. But anyway, I finally finished this post and it's time to conclude it completely. So good night everyone... oh yes anndd.... tomorrow's scribe will be...

Monday, December 3, 2007


Hello! I'm known as Tim-Math-Y and I will be the scribe for today's lessons! Today, Mr.Kuropatwa was victim to a fourth computer crash and thus lost most of his data, including that of today's lesson! However, Mr.Kuropatwa is quite the resourceful teacher and came up with problems for us to place our minds into. We were separated into work groups in which we aided each other in solving optimization problems, a continuation.

-the first step, which is nearly undeniable as the most important step in solving these types of problems, is picturing the problem, most commonly through a drawn diagram of the situation
-second, we set up variables and expressions for the unknown distances of the diagram
-third, referring to the rate-distance-time triangle on slide 3, we set up a a function where X is a function of Time (the time taken to travel in water + the time taken to travel via walking)
-fourth, we find the first derivative of the function using chain rule and power rule, then simplify using LCD (Lowest Common Denominator)
-fifth, we find the roots of the first derivative in order to locate where possible mins or maxes may occur. In this situation, we are looking for a possible minimum. Roots are located at +/- 3/2.

-first, we depict a number line of T'(X), displaying the two possible mins or maxes
-second, we use the first derivative test to identify whether the extrema are mins or maxes and discover what we hope to attain: a minimum

-Simply put, we imputted the minimum value of 3/2 into the parent function T(X) to find the minimal amount of time in hours to complete the trip

Afterwards, we were handed a worksheet to work in our separate groups. It was not required to be handed in today.


Scuba Steve's Shark Cages

Scuba Steve is enclosing an area of his harbor for two sharks that we wants to keep as pets (Don't try this at home). He has 450 ft. of fencing for the sides of two cages. He needs to separate the two so they won't kill each other, but they need to have the same sized cages. What is the maximum area of each section of the cage that he can build?

If you haven't already solved this problem, here are some guidelines to follow:
-draw a labelled diagram
-apply variables (there will be 3 widths, and 2 lengths)
-find a function relating to area (length x width)
-find the first derivative
-find the roots of the derivative
-run the first derivative test to identify whether it is a min/max
-substitute your minimum x value into the parent function to find the max area
-top it off with a sentence solution

Answer: 4218.75 ft^2

And that, ladies and gents is today's scribe.

Thursday's scribe will be... Phuong? It has a (-) beside your name on the scribe list ... sorry! =)

Adieu, adieu.. adieu!

... Quod Erat Demonstrandum - And Thus it is Proven

Today's Slides: December 3

Here they are ...

Sunday, December 2, 2007

Optimization Problems Workshop

Hello everyone, Its m@rk here for Friday's scribe. Last Friday in class, Mr. K separated us into 3 groups just like what we always do during pretest or workshop classes. During the class we practiced solving more optimization problems so we can get used to it. Solving these kinds of questions involves using all our knowledge from previous math classes. The first question involves using diagrams and engraving information into it, in order to solve it easier. The second question requires the use of variables in the problems in order to build 3 sets of equation. The third question requires the use of similar triangles. Notice how our previous math classes are so important in calculus. The questions and the detailed solution can just be viewed in the slides. Thats it for my scribe. Our homework is Exercise 5.4. The next scribe will be Tim_MATH_y.

Thursday, November 29, 2007

Optimization Problems

Well i am finally back to scribe, it has been a pretty long time since i had last scribed so here it is. Today in class, Mr. K introduced a new topic Optimization problems. Optimization problems are problems that deal with either finding the maximum or minimum of the function in the problem. although very rarely is the function given so you as a calculus student must use all your knowledge you've learnt up to now and create a formula/function that can be used to answer the question that is being asked. With that said Mr. K gave the class the 6 rules to live by when doing optimization problems, although do not really live by them, just follow them loosely.

6 Rules to Optimization Problems

1. Find what you are trying to either maximize or minimize.

2. Write an equation for it, make sure to use descriptive variables so you won't get confused when doing the problem.

3. Try to get the equation into a two variable form, where you are finding one of the variables, because you want to find the derivative.

4. Write the derivative of the equation in the two variable form.

5. Set the derivative to zero, and solve for the remaining values. (First Derivative Test or Second derivative Test)

6. If needed depending on what the question asks, Plug the value of that variable into the one or (two) equations to find all dimensions.

Now here is the explanation of the question done in class.

Well first we identified it was a maximum problems, because it asks for the box with dimensions with the largest volume.

Next the equation is made by using V=h*w*L, so h=x, w=16-2x, and L=21-2x. So the equation looks something like this, x(16-2x)(21-2x).

Then we multiply it out. 336x - 74x^2 + 4x^3

Then we take the derivative. Which is 336 - 148x + 12x^2

then by using the quadratic equation we find that x = 3 and 9.3, so we do a line graph and find it is positive before 3 and negative after 3 meaning that by the use of first derivative test, 3 is the maximum x can be.

Well, that was it for today's class. Tomorrow's Scribe will be M@rk.

Today's Slides: November 29

Here they are ...

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Limits Involving Infinity

Hello all! It’s Robert here and I’m your scribe for today.

Today’s class was all about Limits Involving Infinity. Finding limits of infinity is all about finding the asymptotes of a graph.

Some things you need to remember when finding limits (finding asymptotes):

  • When the degree of the numerator is less than the degree of the denominator, there is a horizontal asymptote at y=0.

  • When the degree of the denominator is less than the degree of the numerator, there is no horizontal asymptote.

  • When the degree of the numerator is equal to the degree of the denominator, you look to the leading coefficients of the term that has the highest exponent on x.

Well here are the slides for today's class. Take a look and see the different steps used in solving the problems.

That's it for today folks. The next scribe will be........Dino!!!

Today's Slides: November 28

Here they are ...

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

Scribe #5 out of A LOT!

Today's amazing class started off with a bit of side-tracking. Mr. K. introduced us to a couple anecdotes that will be helpful to everyone in their overall learning skills. Now of course Mr. K. got them from a source that I am quite lazy enough not to discover... but they were:
LEVELS OF LEARNING (Bloom's Taxonomy)
Basically describes the different ways we can learn. They are Remember, Understand, Apply, Analyze, Evaluate, and Create. When we begin to learn in elementary, we start at the beginning and eventually climb up the levels of learning. Currently we are at the levels of Analyze and Evaluate, which still require all the others, and use them in class everyday.
Shows the different media (or methods) from which one can learn and the percentage of that knowledge that one would retain from each method. These methods are (in order):Lectures, Reading, Audio-Visual, Demonstrations, Discussions, Practicing by Doing, and Teaching. It turns out we only retain about 5% of knowledge from Lectures and a whopping 90% from teaching... that's a huge gap!
So in conclusion, Mr. K. told us that when we do our DEV (Developing Expert Voices projects)
, we are combining the Create and Teaching methods. That is one heck of a lot of learning that we do!!!

But now I will jump into the actual lesson of the day...

Well, we first did a quick review of the First Derivative Test, which is:
Next, Mr. K. introduced, the Second Derivative Test, which goes as follows:
We then jumped into some sample questions using this test. These can be seen on the slides for today's class. As well, you can click on the links underneath the definition of the tests on the green pages for more practice problems.

Next Mr. K. showed us a little loop-hole... It is thought that when the second derivative (ƒ''(x)) is equal to 0 (zero), there is a point of inflection on the parent function right??? The thing is, it might not be. It may in fact be only a candidate for the point of inflection. Then we must test the concavity on either side of this point (whether ƒ'' is positive or negative). If the concavity is different on each siide, it is a point of inflection, but if it is the same on both sides, the point is not a point of inflection, it is a local extreme that is relatively flat in a certain interval. AN EXAMPLE OF THIS IS THE FUNCTION ƒ(x)=x^4

We then continued with practice problems (which can be seen on the slides; link is above) until the end of class.

Quick thing to add to our understanding of these tests:

First Derivative Test: Interval test; find the candidates for global extrema and check the intervals on each side of them to prove they are in fact extrema.

Second Derivative Test: Point test; find candidates of global extrema and find the concavity of the parent function at each candidate.

Mr. K. has said, that one is not necessarily better than the other, they are just DIFFERENT... meaning in different situations, different tests will be better to use. (I like the Second one better)

That just about wraps up my Scribe for the evening...


Next Scribe is.......

Today's Slides: November 27

Here they are ...

Monday, November 26, 2007

Mondays post :)

First off before I begin, I don't know what this unit is, is it still the same? If you know put it in the chat so I can label this correctly. Now lets begin :)
Word of the day:

Gular- of or relating to the throat.

We watched a video in the beginning of class. I don't know the link or how to get it but it shows us about the graph of f(x) and a little about how f'(x) applies to it. Here's a pic of the graph in the video.

In class we only did three questions. Its all about finding the zeros of the derivative to find out is min/max critical points, and if they are local or global.

Here is the first question, its pretty straight forward. To find critical points find the root(s) of the derivative, which is 2. Put it on the number line to find out min or max, since its a restriction you have to find those too. Plug those into the the parent function to find their value and to determine global max since we already have the global min. (min = minimum) (max = maximum)

Next question. Same thing, all the detail is on the Pic :)

And last but not least the last question. Same thing and once again all details should be on it.

The next scribe is I got no idea, GreyM your stuck tomorrow at lunch with me :) and that's it

Today's Slides: November 26

Here they are ...

Saturday, November 24, 2007


Oh wow, for the first time in a couple of weeks... the blog actually loaded! Usually it takes a couple hours for the blog to fully load, but apparently not this time. But I don't have any time on the computer, I have to wake up early tomorrow and I pretty much have about 10 minutes left in me before I pass out on my bed due to exhaustion (I had to plan, move around objects to get ready for packing, and go around the city in search of supplies for the new house all day). )=. Thankfully, I remembered to BOB before the test (since the engineering outreach day overrided my obligation to take the test on thursday postponing it for Craig, Mark and I until monday) before it was really too late. I hope that everyone performed well on their test, and handled it with grace and ease (though it is a Mr. K test). Well in any case, it'd be best to get on with the post now.

I originally designated this unit to be one of my favorite units as we entered it approximately two weeks ago, and I still retain my previous position. I think that the overall rules involved with differentiation aren't terribly difficult, but applying them to certain functions such as related rates problems and with problems involving Newton's method or linear approximations might require more thought than many might have initially assumed. As with the application of any form of mathematics, problem repetition is definitely a profound factor in test preparation, but might be more required for this unit. As anyone in the class has probably noticed, practicing questions pertaining to this unit really help to adapt to the type of thoughts that are required to solve some of the aforementioned more challenging problems. I think that if I complete enough homework for these questions, I shouldn't find too much difficulty with the test. Throughout the progession of the unit, nothing really presented much difficulty or concerns to me except for the tedious process of reiterating calculations for Newton's method (though it can now be automated by our calculator using a custom program). I think that, especially considering the questions given on the pre-test, I'll have to recognize the exact context of the question to a fuller extent and really make sure that I have identified the entire scenario of the problem.

Now, I'm off to read some young students blogs and determine how I can comment on them in the most constructive manner possible, though it might not be so wise to do so with such a great lack in consciousness that I might fall asleep flat on my computer desk instantly =/. Nevertheless, I'll read some comments and maybe initiate some differentiation practice tonight and continue the arduous process of constant repetition tomorrow. I'll see everyone on monday, and once again, I hope everyone is confident with their performance on the test on Thursday. Though it might be too late for most, I'll still conclude the BOB post with the now cliche GOOD LUCK.

Thursday, November 22, 2007

BOB... I hope?

Yikes, based on the fact that I wasn't writing the test today, I forgot that we had to BOB before today... well ladies and gentlemen, this will be short and sweet. This has been quite an interesting unit to say the least. I have enjoyed it (except the pre-test) that was intense!!! But yeah I like doing the problems from this unit because it feels really good when you finally get the solution to the most complicated related rates problem!!! But really, nothing I'm too worried about, I'll study a lot... and I guess it's a little late for "Good Luck", but I guess "Let the Force Be With You" would be appropriate for the rest of the year... =)


Well, this unit about differentiation rules has been a really tough one for me. This unit started off fairly easy, but it got a little challenging when the chain rule and related rates problems came up. I must admit that I'm still having troubles with those two concepts, but hopefully with the help of more studying, i can still get a decent mark. Thats it for my BOB, good luck everyone!


WOOT crazy episode of deal or no deal :)

first time bob ing so i hope this is right.
the unit was okay for me, better then previous experiences. I believe I'm starting to catch up and close the 2 year gap (last time I did math was in grade 10). I hope I do good on the test, as for fundementals I believe I got them all down.

peace, I love u GreyM :)
good luck all

My first BOB (keep forgetting)

I actually would've forgot again for this test, but, I looked at the blog, and was like, RIGHT, time to BOB.

This unit... was fairly easy to understand. I'm just having trouble understanding when to apply derivative rules at certain times. But for the most part, I understand what's going on. Yeah, I need to study more. I shall do that now. Laters.

Wednesday, November 21, 2007


This unit was not good for me. It was pretty difficult. Doing homework however definitely helps with the understanding. I have a feeling this test won't be one of the better ones but at least you learn from your mistakes. Great great. Well, good luck to everyone on the test tomorrow. Hopefully you guys studied! (y)


Well, I gotta say that this unit has been tough for me. Have to chalk that up to only getting to about 10 to 15 done in the homework, but it took me a long time and you just lose your will after a while. Well have started getting back on the horse the last couple of days and have finished up a portion of the homework I haven't done. Coupled with some hardcore studying tonight, tomorrow at my spare and lunch I figure I can pull an 80. I really do get the straight up rules for the derivatives, just identifying what I have to do in question is still my problem. Well good luck every1.


Well hello again doing my fourth bob for AP calculus. Well this unit was very challenging for me especially when we had gotten to the related rates problems. The chain rule gave me a little bit of problems in the very beginning although I was able to correct my mistakes and set myself on the right course. All in all I believe this test is going to be very difficult, in terms of the difficulty of the questions, especially the related rate problem that is probably going to be on the test. Well study hard and good luck to everyone for tomorrow's test.

Scribe five.

Today's class started off with Mr. K. showing us a new tool on the internet which we can possibly use for our DEVs. I cannot quite recall what that tool was called or what the site was but basically it is a tool where you can record your voice while explaining a video in the background where you can draw to highlight points and even fast forward or slow down the video. I will post a link on here later once I figure it out. Soon after that we got into our pretest.
We did our pretest and I think most of us found it difficult. Our pretest consisted of five [or fifteen lol] multiple choice questions and one long answer/free response question. So to get right on to it I think most of us got number one but basically you could put it into your calculator.
Once you realize that you can just simply plug that into your calculator.
The second question involved the quotient rule. Remember: the quotient rule-high d low minus low d high all over low low!

Basically, you must remember how to use the quotient to solve the question, so remember it! Number three was more difficult for a few of us. I didn't get it at first but I asked Mr. K. about it and hopefully I can do an all right job explaining it. The next question involved the Pythagorean theorem.uestion number five was also another difficult question we encountered. The last and final question was the long answer. Depending on what your slope was or how you drew your tangent line the answers varied among the class. Mr. K. said he wasn't looking for the correct answer in a question like this he was more interest in the process of how to go about the question. That was the last question. Do not forget to study or do a bob and that we don't have school on Friday! Everyone enjoy your extra long weekend! Good luck everyone!
The Next Scribe is...pending for now.